ITGS Command Terms

Updated October 2011

AO1 - Knowledge and Understanding

Identify - Provide an answer from a number of possibilities.
  • Identify two different ways in which a person could cast an e-vote (2 marks)

Define - Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity
  • Define the term relational database (2 marks)

Describe - Give a detailed account
  • Describe two other potential uses of the technology incorporated within the Wii video game console. (4 marks)

Outline - Give a brief account or summary
  • Outline

State - Give a specific name, value or brief answer without explanation or calculation
  • State

Calculate - Obtain a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working.
  • Calculate

AO2 - Application and Analysis
Analyse - Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure
  • Analyse the impact of introducing an Internet use policy into a workplace. (4 marks)

Distinguish - Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items
  • Distinguish between the use of biometrics and passwords as a means of authenticating an employee who remotely logs on and accesses the company's server.

Compare - Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or scenarios, referring to both (all) of them throughout
  • Compare

Construct - Display information in a diagrammatic or logical form.
  • Construct

Contrast - Give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or scenarios, referring to both (all) of them throughout
  • Contrast

Explain - Give a detailed account giving reasons or causes
  • Explain two reasons why a network administrator might install a keylogger (4 marks)
  • Explain the precautions that all computer users can take in order to avoid eye problems (4 marks)

AO3 - Synthesis and Evaluation
To What Extent - Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with appropriate evidence and sound argument.
  • To what extent are employees concerns about telecommuting outweighed by the advantages to both the employer and the employee? (10 marks)

Discuss - Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
  • Discuss the benefits and concerns that may result from the collection of information about a student's online activities (10 marks)

Evaluate - Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
  • Evaluate possible solutions to overcome the issues of reliability and privacy of data when patients use this technology. (10 marks)
  • Evaluate the usefulness of information collected from network monitoring systems to assess the productivity of employees (10 marks)

Justify - Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion.
  • Justify

Formulate (HL paper 3 only) - Express precisely and systematically the relevant concept(s) or
argument(s)
  • Formulate

Most Popular?

In past exams these have been the most popular terms....this is not based on reviewing ALL exams
  • Identify
  • Describe
  • Explain
  • Discuss
  • Evaluate
  • To what extent


Archives - Updated 2006

Command term
Definition
ITGS Example
analyse
Break down in order to bring out: the essential elements, structure, any underlying assumptions and any interrelationships involved.
Analyse the impact of introducing an Internet use policy into a workplace (6 marks)

compare
describe two (or more) situations and present the similarities between them.
In ITGS the phrase "describe the similarity between..." will be used instead of "compare". Describe one similarity between an Intranet and the Internet (2 marks)
contrast
describe two (or more) situations and present the similarities between them.
In ITGS the phrase "describe the similarity between..." will be used instead of "contrast" Describe one difference between a flat-file database and a relational database. (2 marks)
define
give a clear and precise meaning of a given word, term or concept.
Define the term data redundancy. (2 marks)
describe
present the characteristics of a particular topic.
Describe one use of information technology in a dentist's office. (2 marks)
discuss
offer a considered and balanced review of a particular topic. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by empirical evidence and sound argument.
Discuss how a client-server network can help provide reliable IT services to a company. (5 marks)
distinguish
make clear the differences between two or more concepts/terms.
Distinguish between a computer model and a computer simulation. (3 marks)
evaluate
make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of different evidence and arguments.
The network administrator has proposed a backup system for the library that creates a full backup every Friday. Evaluate this proposal. (8 marks)
examine
consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.
Examine two benefits of adopting consistent interface standards throughout the company. (4 marks)
explain
describe, giving reasons.
Explain one way that facial recognition technology can assist an airline traveller. (3 marks)
identify
recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature.
Identify the protocol used to transmit web pages. (1 mark)
to what extent
evaluate the success or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with empirical evidence and sound argument.
Ordinary citizens have been able to capture world events using their camera phones. These pictures can be sent to newspapers for immediate publication. To what extent is freedom of information outweighed by a potential invasion of the privacy of individuals being photographed. (10 marks)